Instructions to Authors

Manuscript submission must be performed via an electronic submission system. All submissions will undergo a rigorous, fair and prompt editorial peer review. The Journal of Health Sciences Education guarantees a quick peer-review process which will be finished within a maximum of three months. This will be followed by a period of revisions and proof-corrections (if required) which essentially will depend upon author’s promptness to the revised submission guidelines. Once accepted; the author will receive the article acceptance certificate and the article will be published online in the forthcoming issue.

Processing/publishing charges : Nil

1.Type of Articles :


Original Articles:

Full length educational research articles providing innovative knowledge to the medical literature ( Maximum 4000 words, excluding references, tables, figures and acknowledgements)

Short Communications (Brief Reports):  
Short reports describe new interesting findings, working practices or techniques. They should follow the same general format as research articles (Maximum 2000 words, excluding references, tables, figures and acknowledgements)

 Review Articles:

”Mini reviews”, “Literature reviews” or “Meta analyses” on a specialized field and written by experts who will be invited by the editorial board. (Maximum 3000 words, excluding references, tables, figures and acknowledgements).

2.Language :

The language of the journal is English. Manuscripts should be consistent in presentation and style. If English is not your first language, we would strongly suggest you have your manuscript edited by a native English colleague in terms of flow, correct English grammar and to make sure idioms are properly used.

3. Ethical Standards :

Authors submitting a paper must have confirmed that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the JHSE.Manuscripts submitted for publication must contain a statement to the effect that all studies have been approved by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 “Declaration of Helsinki”. It should also be stated clearly in the text that all persons gave their informed consent prior to their inclusion in the study. Details that might disclose the identity of the subjects under study should be omitted. Submission of a manuscript implies that the work has not been published before, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication has been approved by all co-authors as well as by the responsible authorities at the institute where the work has been carried out. For the declaration of these details the publishers ‘Author agreement’ form have to be downloaded, filled out and then submitted together with the manuscript. The publisher will not be held legally responsible if there should be any claims for compensation.All named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper. All must have critically reviewed its content and have approved the final version submitted for publication. The number of authors should not exceed six. Those who have had a marginal contribution to the paper (e.g. colleagues who have just reviewed the manuscript) should be named in the Acknowledgments section. This section should be addressed after the conclusions (see below).


Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to be originated from the authors. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.

4. Manuscript Preparation and Submission:

Manuscripts have to be submitted online (Submit online). Electronic submission substantially shortens the time for editorial and reviewing processes.

Text formatting: manuscripts should be submitted in MS Word format. The authors are suggested to use double spaced 12-point Times New Roman letters with 2.5 cm margins on A4 pages (or 1 inch margins on Letter sheets).Beginning with the title page, please use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages and do not use field functions. Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar. Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter. If the article includes an excessive number of abbreviations, the authors should additionally add a list for all abbreviations used.
Title Page: Submit as a separate file. All titles must be fewer than 20 words. Authors should supply a short version of the title, suitable for the running head and not exceeding 50 character spaces, full name(s) and affiliations of all author(s) and standard mailing plus e-mail addresses, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author(s). Please refrain from using abbreviations and acronyms in the title.
 Abstract: for Original articles, a summary of the entire article should be outlined in subsections as follows; an introductory statement as “ Background”, statement of the work’s purpose in ‘objective’, followed by a brief description of the study’s design in ‘methods’ and a clear declaration of the ‘results’, and finally, a concise presentation of the ‘conclusions’ have to be given. For review articles, the abstract should be separated into 2 to 4 paragraphs including an introductory viewpoint, information and discussion around the main theme and final considerations, without specifically named subheadings. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references. Word limit for Original Articles and review articles is 300, whereas for short communication is 250.
Keywords: 3 to 6 keywords have to be used for indexing purposes. The keywords to be placed in alphabetical order under the abstract.
Main text: The manuscript must be sectioned and ordered as ‘Introduction’, ‘(Materials and) Methods’, ‘Observation & Results’, ‘Discussion’, Conclusions, Recommendations, ‘Acknowledgments’ (if any) and ‘References’. A gathered ‘Results and Discussion’ section should be avoided. The authors should include a brief section of recommendations (evolving out of the current study) after conclusion. Each section should begin on a separate page. Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds; etc should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.

5. Section headings

The heading should be clearly distinguished from the text. Do not number headings. Begin your introduction with what is known and move on to what is not known. At the conclusion of your introduction, state research question (s) or research objective(s). An introduction should flow logically and be easy to follow. Indeed, the introduction should move from the general to the specific. The Methods section should fully explain research design (approach to study), study participants, the process of sampling, data collection methods, data analysis methods and legal-ethical issues. If the study approach is quantitative, please make sure you report the response rate. It would also be helpful if you could provide demographic information of the total population of the study, for example, gender or medical year.?????

The result section should follow the method section which focuses on the findings of the study without any interpretation. Do not cite references in the results section. Write all of the results in the past tense. In the discussion section, author(s) should answer the question posed in the introduction. The author should discuss her/his results honestly and openly. Discussion must be easy to follow. The Discussion should answer the research questions or hypotheses that have been posed in the Introduction. In addition, the answers should be supported by the study results and then should be interpreted in relation to previous studies. Unexpected results should be also discussed, even if they are not supported by the majority of earlier studies. Even quantitative studies should have their outcomes explained qualitatively. Explain the implications of the study, for example in education, practice, research and management and leadership.

 Explain any limitation of your methods or study design.

6. Acknowledgments and conflict of interest

Please include a section at the end of your manuscript to point out contributors to the paper other than the writers that have been mentioned as authors. The source of financial grants and the contribution of colleagues or institutions should be acknowledged. The written permission of each person acknowledged should be gained. Please also include details of the source of funding for the study and any potential conflict of interests if appropriate. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county and country) included.
Conflicts of Interest: authors must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research. In a separate section, you must declare that there is no conflict of interest that might bias the outcomes of your paper. If it is not the case, you must state the potential conflict of interest

7. References and in-text citations

Authors are responsible for the correctness of their references and must ensure all references have been cited in the text as well as listed in the references section. References should be presented in the Vancouver style. The references cited should assist the readers to explore the topic further. When citing a website includes the following information: The name of authors, publication year, and the name of the website article, the date the website was developed or when the particular online source was published (if known), date the website was accessed and the website URL. Please ensure that the link provided has not been closed. Make sure the names of journals are consistent throughout the reference list, either spell out the full name of the journals or write the acronyms of the journals using PubMed (if the journal has been indexed in PubMed). Please do not make up the acronyms for journals.

 Reference citing and styling:
please cite references with Arabic numbers in superscript and list them by the order in which they appear in the text. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. All authors’ names (without et al) of the cited work have to be list in references.

 Examples for typing references in the list:

 Journal article; Stiller KD, Kreuzpointner L, Lukesch H. Description and evaluation of a didactical concept for online seminars. J Contemp Med Edu 2013;1:9-14.

 Article by DOI (digital object identifier); Powers J, Spickard A, DeRiemer S, Denny J. Analysis of pre-clinical student narratives- progress in assessment of ACGME competencies. J Contemp Med Edu. 2012; doi:10.5455/jcme.20121203031836-

Book; Bocci V. Retinal degenerative disorders. In: Ozone. A new medical drug. 2nd edition, Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp 133–145, 2011. Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN list of title word abbreviations; see

Book chapter; Barry M, Meigs JB. The natural history of benign prostatic hyperplasia. In: Lepor H (ed) Prostatic Diseases, Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 106-115, 2000. -Online document; The inside story: a guide to indoor air quality. In: U.S. EPA/Office of Air and Radiation Available via (Accessed 18 December 2011). -Dissertation; Oter S. Assessment of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes to determine oxidant stress in rat lung induced by hyperbaric oxygen treatment at different doses and intervals. Dissertation, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey, 1998.

 Reference articles in press should quote DOI no.

 Tables: All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals and to be placed after references. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order. For each table, please supply a table caption (below the table) explaining the components of the table. Any previously published material has to be identified by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption. Use separate sheets for each table.
 Figures: Figures must be submitted in the end of manuscript, in the form of TIFF or JPG (JPEG) files and with a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, separately. Please do not embed the figures in the word document. The figures will automatically be incorporated into the final PDF document by the online manuscript tracking system. Legends for the figures have to be placed at the end of the main document after tables. Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure legend. All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals. Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order. Cite your figure files with “Fig” and the figure number (e.g., Fig.1). Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc).